Everolimus With and Without Temozolomide in Adult Low Grade Glioma
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, everolimus (RAD001, also known as Afinitor®) alone or with temozolomide has on the patient and the patient's low-grade glioma. Everolimus is being investigated as an anticancer agent based on its potential to prevent tumor cells from growing and multiplying. Specifically, there is a protein called mTOR that we think helps many tumors to grow, and everolimus blocks the effect of mTOR. Temozolomide is also an anticancer agent that prevents tumor cells from growing and multiplying. About 159 people total will take part in this study. Patients will be assigned to one of three treatment groups depending on the results of some tests done on their tumor. Each group will have 53 patients in it. 2 groups will receive treatment with everolimus alone, while the third group will receive treatment with both everolimus and temozolomide. In this study, patients will be assigned to one of 3 treatment arms based on two characteristics of their tumor, called "1p/19q" (this is a test of the tumor chromosomes) and "p-PRAS40" (this is a test of a pathway in the tumor called mTOR). If the patient's tumor is 1p/19q intact and p-PRAS40 positive, the patient will be assigned to Treatment Arm 1, and the patient will receive everolimus alone. If the patient's tumor is 1p/19q intact and p-PRAS40 negative, the patient will be assigned to Treatment Arm 2 and the patient will receive everolimus and temozolomide. If the patient's tumor is 1p/19q co-deleted, regardless of the p-PRAS40 result, the patient will be assigned to Treatment Arm 3, and the patient will receive everolimus alone.
PI3K/mTOR Pathway Activation Selected Phase II Study of Everolimus (RAD001) With and Without Temozolomide in the Treatment of Adult Patients With Supratentorial Low-Grade Glioma
Low Grade Glioma World Health Organization (WHO) Grade II Astrocytomas Oligodendrogliomas Mixed Oligoastrocytomas Glioma Astrocytoma Oligodendroglioma Everolimus Temozolomide
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Age >= 18 years
- KPS >= 60
Adequate bone marrow function as shown by: Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 109/L, Platelets >= 100 x 109/L, hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL;
- Adequate liver function as shown by: Total serum bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <=2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN), International Normalized Ratio (INR) <= 2;
- Adequate renal function: serum creatinine <=1.5 x ULN;
- Fasting serum cholesterol <= 300 mg/dL OR <= 7.75 mmol/L AND fasting triglycerides <= 2.5x ULN. NOTE: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication with confirmed reduction of lab values to within eligibility parameters;
- Signed informed consent prior to any screening procedures
- Histologically proven supratentorial low-grade glioma at initial diagnosis; pathology must have been reviewed by University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) neuropathology. Eligible low-grade gliomas include: astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and mixed oligoastrocytoma. Pilocytic astrocytomas are excluded.
- Patient's tumor must have documentation of the presence of an IDH-1 and/or IDH-2 mutation of any type.
- Results of 1p/19q chromosomal status and pPRAS40 testing must be available to permit treatment selection.
- Evaluable disease
- Must begin treatment within 120 days of surgical procedure
You CAN'T join if...
- No prior tumor treatment except for surgery at diagnosis, and must have adequately recovered from surgery
- Known intolerance or hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycin analogs (e.g. sirolimus, temsirolimus) or to temozolomide
- Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral everolimus or temozolomide
- Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by HbA1c > 8.0% despite adequate therapy. Patients with a known history of impaired fasting glucose or diabetes mellitus (DM) may be included, however blood glucose and antidiabetic treatment must be monitored closely throughout the trial and adjusted as necessary;
- Any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as: unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction ≤6 months prior to start of everolimus, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease; symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association Class III or IV; active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and chronic hepatitis (i.e. quantifiable hepatitis B virus(HBV-DNA and/or positive Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HbsAg), quantifiable hepatitis C virus (HCV-RNA); known severely impaired lung function (spirometry and Diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) 50% or less of normal and O2 saturation 88% or less at rest on room air); active, bleeding diathesis;
- Chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents. Topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed, and treatment with low dose Decadron (<= 3mg daily) is allowed;
- Known history of HIV seropositivity;
- Positive serological test results for hepatitis B
- Positive serological test result for hepatitis C
- Recipients of live attenuated vaccines within 1 week of start of treatment and during the study. Avoid close contact with others who have received live attenuated vaccines. Examples of live attenuated vaccines include intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), yellow fever, varicella and TY21a typhoid vaccines;
- History of another primary malignancy, with the exceptions of: non-melanoma skin cancer, and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, uterus, or breast, unless the patient has been disease free for >= 3 years;
- History of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study;
- Currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational therapeutic drug within 1 month prior to dosing;
- Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women;
- Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, who are not willing to use adequate methods of contraception during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment.
- Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child-bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to randomization. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child-bearing potential.
- Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are WOCBP who are not willing to use adequate contraception, during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment
- University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco California 94143-0372 United States
Lead Scientist at UC Health
- Jennifer Clarke, MD, MPH (ucsf)
Jennifer L. Clarke, MD, MPH Professor of Clinical Neurology and Neurological Surgery Division of Neuro-Oncology Principal Investigator, Brain Tumor Research Center