for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IV administration of VX15/2503 in combination with a fixed dose of avelumab in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The dose escalation portion of the study will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of VX15/2503 administered in combination with avelumab.

Official Title

Phase 1b/Study of VX15/2503 in Combination With Avelumab in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer


This is a phase 1b/2 study, designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of VX15/2503 in combination with avelumab in subjects diagnosed with advanced (stage IIIB/IV) NSCLC who have either progressed on first or second-line systemic anticancer therapy or who have declined treatment with first or second-line system anticancer therapy. The primary objective (Dose Escalation Phase) is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of ascending doses of VX15/2503 Q2W in combination with avelumab 10mg/kg Q2W. The second primary objective (Dose Expansion Phase) is to evaluate safety and tolerability of the recommended phase 2 dose of VX15/2503 administered in combination with 10 mg/kg avelumab Q2W. The secondary objectives include (Dose Expansion Phase), a preliminary estimate of efficacy using the following in accordance with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, Objective Response (OR), Duration of Response (DoR) and Progression-Free Survival (PFS), as well as making a preliminary estimate of efficacy using the following in accordance with iRECIST, OR, DoR and PFS. Additional secondary objectives are to characterize the pharmacokinetics profile of VX15/2503 and avelumab administered Q2W in combination, evaluate the immunogenicity of VX15/2503 and avelumab administered Q2W and evaluate VX15/2503 and avelumab pharmacodynamics markers including but not limited to receptor occupancy. Exploratory objectives include identification of candidate biomarkers of activity and biomarkers that may predict response to treatment with combination therapy of VX15/2503 and avelumab.

Enrollment will involve approximately 62 individuals who are 18 years of age or older with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The study will be divided into two phases, dose escalation with up to 18 Immunotherapy naive subjects and dose expansion with up to 50 subjects (up to 22 subjects that are Immunotherapy naive and up to 28 subjects that have failed on Immunotherapy). Subjects that are enrolled in the dose escalation phase may continue into the dose expansion phase, as long as there is no evidence of disease progression. The subjects entering the dose expansion phase from dose escalation, may have their dose increased to the recommend phase 2 dose, once it is determined. Any subjects that have evidence of disease progression will be taken off of treatment and will have a post treatment safety follow-up visit 10 weeks after last treatment. Subjects that have discontinued study drug will also continue to be followed every 3 months for survival, or lost to follow-up. It is estimated that the study will take approximately 33 months between first subject enrolled and last subject visit.


Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma Advanced VX15/2503 Semaphorin 4D SEMA4D safety tolerability pharmacokinetics monoclonal antibody IO Failure Immunotherapy Failure Decline Chemo VX15/2503 + avelumab


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Age > 18 years.
  2. Signed informed consent prior to the performance of any study-specific procedures, including fresh tumor biopsies.
  3. Histologically or cytologically proven advanced (stage IIIB/IV) NSCLC subjects. Subjects in the Dose Escalation Phase must be immunotherapy naïve.
    1. Subjects in the Dose Escalation Phase must have either progressed on or declined standard first-line therapy. Subjects with fewer than 3 lines of prior palliative systemic anti-cancer therapy are eligible.

ii. Subjects in the Dose Expansion Phase must have progressed on a minimum of 2 cycles of standard of care platinum-based chemotherapy with or without immunotherapy, standard of care immunotherapy without chemotherapy or must have declined standard of care first-line treatment options. Subjects with fewer than 3 lines of prior palliative systemic anti-cancer therapy are eligible.

  1. Subjects previously treated with systemic adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy, other than immunotherapy are also eligible for the Dose Escalation Phase. Subjects previously treated with standard of care systemic adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy are also eligible for the Dose Expansion Phase.
  2. Measureable disease as defined by the RECIST 1.1.
  3. Availability of archival or fresh tumor specimen that is suitable for analysis. Acceptable samples must have been acquired using core needle biopsy or excisional biopsy. Samples that were acquired using fine needle aspiration are not acceptable.
  4. Tumor lesion accessible for biopsy after the start of treatment. (Note: this lesion should be separate from measurable lesions that will be used for response assessment.)
  5. ECOG performance status (PS) score 0-1.
  6. . Left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%
  7. . Tumors lack activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, ROS-1, or ALK rearrangement (no EGFR or ALK testing is required if a subject has a KRAS mutation or squamous cell histology)..
  8. . Has adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic function based upon laboratory tests as follows:
  9. Absolute neutrophil count > 1500/µL
  10. Platelet count > 100 x 103/µL
  11. Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL, transfusion permitted
  12. Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (or < 3 x ULN for subjects with Gilbert's syndrome)
  13. Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min on the basis of the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate calculation
  14. AST < 2.5 x ULN (5.0 x ULN in the presence of liver metastasis)
  15. ALT < 2.5 x ULN (5.0 x ULN in the presence of liver metastasis).
  16. . Highly effective contraception (i.e., methods with a failure rate of less than 1 % per year) for both male and female subjects if the risk of conception exists (Note: The effects of the trial treatment on the developing human fetus are unknown; thus, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use highly effective contraception, defined in Protocol Appendix 9.3, or as stipulated in national or local guidelines. Highly effective contraception must be used for the duration of trial treatment, and at least for 60 days after stopping trial treatment or 6 months after stopping chemotherapy [or per label]. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this trial, the treating physician should be informed immediately).

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Prior therapy with any antibody or drug targeting T-cell coregulatory proteins (immune checkpoints), such as PD-1, PD-L1, or cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 in the Dose Escalation Phase only.
  2. Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy (NCI CTCAE v. 4.03 Grade > 1); however, alopecia, sensory neuropathy Grade ≤ 2, or other Grade ≤ 2 not constituting a safety risk based on Investigator's judgment are acceptable.
  3. Concurrent anticancer treatment within 28 days before the start of trial treatment (e.g., cytoreductive therapy, radiotherapy [with the exception of palliative bone directed radiotherapy]; immune therapy, or cytokine therapy, except for erythropoietin.
  4. Major surgery within 28 days before the start of trial treatment (excluding prior diagnostic biopsy); or use of any investigational drug within 28 days before the start of trial treatment.
  5. Subjects receiving immunosuppressive agents (such as steroids) for any reason should be tapered off these drugs before initiation of the trial treatment (with the exception of subjects with adrenal insufficiency, who may continue corticosteroids at physiologic replacement dose, equivalent to ≤ 10 mg prednisone daily). Note: Previous or ongoing administration of systemic steroids for the management of an acute allergic phenomenon is acceptable as long as it is anticipated that the administration of steroids will be completed in 14 days, or that the daily dose after 14 days will be ≤10 mg per day of prednisone or equivalent.
  6. Previous malignant disease other than the target malignancy to be investigated in this trial within the last 5 years (with the exception of adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancers, carcinoma in situ of skin, bladder, cervix, colon/rectum, breast, or prostate) unless a complete remission without further recurrence was achieved at least 2 years prior to study entry and the subject was deemed to have been cured with no additional therapy required or anticipated to be required.
  7. Rapidly progressive disease disease (i.e. disease progression before or at the time of first tumor assessment, 8 - 12 weeks after initiation of systemic anti-cancer therapy).
  8. ECOG performance status score ≥ 2.
  9. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  10. . History of pneumonitis or other interstitial lung disease
  11. . Active or history of any autoimmune disease including colitis and inflammatory bowel disease (subjects with diabetes Type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible) or immunodeficiencies.
  12. . Vaccination within 4 weeks of the first dose of avelumab and while on study is prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines (e.g. inactivated influenza vaccines).
  13. . Significant acute or chronic infection including, among others: Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (defined as, HBV surface antigen positive and HBV core antibody positive with reflex to positive HBV DNA or HBV core antibody positive alone with reflex to positive HBV DNA or positive HCV antibody with reflex to positive HCV RNA).
  14. . Central nervous system malignancy, the known presence of untreated or symptomatic CNS metastases. Subjects with treated brain metastasis must be stable and off steroids and anti-convulsants for at least 1 month prior to the start of study treatment. Subjects with suspected brain metastases at Screening should have a CT/MRI of the brain prior to study entry.
  15. . A history of hypersensitivity to other humanized monoclonal antibodies.
  16. . Significant cardiovascular disease (New York Heart Association Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within the 6 months prior to study entry, unstable angina, or cerebral vascular accident / stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication / active intervention, corrected QT interval [QTc] prolongation of >= 470ms and/or prior diagnosis of congenital long QT syndrome.
  17. . Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity.
  18. . Current alcohol or drug abuse.
  19. . Any psychiatric condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent.
  20. . Prior organ transplantation or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
  21. . Any uncontrolled medical condition (for example, inflammatory bowel disease, uncontrolled asthma), which, in the opinion of the Investigator, might impair the subject's tolerance of trial treatment or confound interpretation of study assessments.
  22. . Inability to comply with visit schedule or other protocol requirements.


  • University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • Providence Portland Medical Center
    Portland Oregon 97213 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Vaccinex Inc.
Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of a Humanized Anti-Semaphorin 4D Antibody, in a First-In-Human Study of Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors. Antibody Blockade of Semaphorin 4D Promotes Immune Infiltration into Tumor and Enhances Response to Other Immunomodulatory Therapies
Phase 1/2
Study Type
Last Updated